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Landsvirkjun places an emphasis on understanding the environmental impact of its operations, and monitoring programs are active at all Company power stations. The results of the final EIA report show that the characteristics and significance of the environmental impact do not require the monitoring of environmental aspects. However, Landsvirkjun will conduct routine monitoring during the construction period, which includes observations related to the reduction of disturbance to land. There are also plans to monitor the impacts on birdlife, re-vegetation and noise impact during the operational period to gain more knowledge on the effects of wind farm operations. Beyond this, Landsvirkjun will work in accordance with the Company’s priorities with regard to environmental matters, which place great importance on monitoring significant environmental aspects in Company operations in accordance with Landsvirkjun’s Environmental Management System. Landsvirkjun plans to monitor the environmental aspects that are listed below according to the stage of each project.

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What is being monitored?

Preparation phase

Should proposal 2 be chosen, monitoring will focus on preventing the disturbance of archaeological remains on the northern boundary of the area. The results of the assessment show that the visual effects will be extensive closest to the wind farm, but they will gradually reduce as the distance from the area increases. The visual effects will be considered during the decision process regarding the design of structures located within the wind farm, as well as the additional technical aspects. The results will be outlined in the site plan as clearly as the stage of development allows.

Construction phase

Monitoring disturbance as a result of construction, material use, energy use, quantity of waste and other factors outlined in construction licenses will take place throughout the duration of the construction phase. Should proposal 2 be chosen, measures will be taken to prevent the disturbance of archaeological remains on the boundary of the area that are protected by law based on their age. The response to the possible discovery of archaeological remains within the area during construction work will also be considered in accordance with the Articles in Chapter VI of Act No. 80/2012 on cultural relics.

Operational phase

In light of the results of the EIA, Landsvirkjun plans to monitor bird collision, acoustic effects and re-vegetation during the operational period of the Búrfell Wind Farm. Landsvirkjun will also measure noise levels during the operational period of the wind turbines to gain extensive knowledge on effects of wind farm operations. Beyond this, Landsvirkjun plans to monitor material use, energy use, quantity of waste and other factors outlined in construction licenses.

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Draft monitoring program for the Búrfell Wind Farm

The number of monitored environmental aspects can change at a later stage in accordance with the requirements put forward in licensing agreements once the EIA has been completed.

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Material use/ Hazardous labels

What is being monitored?

The use of substances labelled as hazardous is monitored. A register will be kept of all materials labelled as hazardous substances during both the construction and operational periods.

Reasons for monitoring

To inform workers on the potential dangers related to the use of all materials labelled as hazardous substances and to ensure the proper storage and handling of materials.

Objective

To ensure the safety of workers and the environment.

Frequency

The registration of all material purchases during the construction and operational period. Materials list will be reviewed on a regular basis.

Origin of instructions

Legislation, regulations and Landsvirkjun’s Environmental Management System.

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Energy use/ fuels

What is being monitored?

The fuel consumption of vehicles, machinery and equipment (owned by Landsvirkjun) and rental cars is recorded.
Contractors and service providers shall deliver an overview of their use of fossil fuels.

Reasons for monitoring

To obtain information on fuel consumption and GHG emissions from operations. Emissions are calculated from records on fuel purchases.

Objective

To be aware of the amount of fuel purchased in order to reduce fuel consumption and to become a carbon neutral company.

Frequency

Simultaneous registration and information on a monthly basis from contractors during all stages of the project

Origin of instructions

Landsvirkjun’s Environmental Management System.

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Energy use/ electricity

What is being monitored?

Electricity use is monitored at the wind farm on a yearly basis. Additionally, the difference between turbine production and energy that reaches Landsnet‘s transmission network is recorded.

Reasons for monitoring

To collect information on electricity use and to reduce losses.

Objective

To be aware of electricity use with the specific purpose of reducing use.

Frequency

Annually during the operational period.

Origin of instructions

Landsvirkjun’s Environmental Management System.

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Waste

What is being monitored?

The quantity of unsorted waste sent to landfill sites and the quantity of sorted waste that is recycled.
Contractors are obligated to sort waste and shall submit an overview of the quantity of waste and its method of disposal.

Reasons for monitoring

To steer the sorting and handling of waste to minimise the quantity sent to landfill.

Objective

To reduce the environmental impact of energy generation.

Frequency

Ongoing registration during the construction and operational period.

Origin of instructions

Landsvirkjun’s Environmental Management System. Regulation No. 737/2003 on the handling of waste.

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Hazardous waste

What is being monitored?

The registration of the quantity of waste and the types of hazardous waste produced and sent to an authorised disposal facility.
Contractors shall submit an overview of their practices to dispose of hazardous waste.

Reasons for monitoring

To ensure that hazardous waste is sent to an authorised disposal facility.

Objective

To reduce the environmental impact of energy generation.

Frequency

Ongoing registration during the construction and operational period.

Origin of instructions

Regulations No. 737/2003 and No. 184/2002.

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Noise

What is being monitored?

Sound intensity (dB).

Reasons for monitoring

To ensure that the operation of wind turbines fulfil the requirements set out in regulation No. 724/2008.

Objective

To understand the noise levels within the area and the effects of wind farm operations.

Frequency

To be decided at a later stage.

Origin of instructions

Results of the EIA that require measurement of noise levels and an understanding of their effects.

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Re-vegetation and re-forestation

What is being monitored?

The quantity of seed, plants and fertiliser used by Landsvirkjun for re-vegetation projects.

Reasons for monitoring

To monitor re-vegetation in connection with the development and operation of the Búrfell Wind Farm.
Soil binding measures can improve the operational safety of the wind turbines.

Objective

To support soil binding and to continue re-vegetation projects within the area in cooperation with the Soil Conservation Service of Iceland (SCSI).

Frequency

Annually while projects are active.

Origin of instructions

The results of the EIA outlining the need for active participation in re-vegetation measures to reduce soil disturbance and encroachment.

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Birdlife

What is being monitored?

Bird collision with wind turbines.

Reasons for monitoring

The collision risk of birds and wind turbines is well-known, and the results of the EIA indicate that this will be a small-scale problem at the Búrfell Wind Farm.

Objective

To gain knowledge on the frequency of bird collision.

Frequency

Ongoing registration during the operational period.

Origin of instructions

The results of the EIA that require Landsvirkjun to monitor bird collision rates and respond if the effects become extensive.

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Archaeological remains

What is being monitored?

The archaeological remains on the northern boundary of proposal 2 to ensure they are not disturbed.
Previously undetected archaeological remains.

Reasons for monitoring

Archaeological remains are located in close proximity to the proposed construction site and the danger of disturbing these remains.
To monitor the discovery of previously undetected archaeological remains

Objective

To ensure that protected archaeological remains with a conservation value are not disturbed

Frequency

During the preparation phase and during construction work  if archaeological remains are in close proximity to site.

Origin of instructions

Act No. 80/2012.

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Disturbance to land

What is being monitored?

The amount of land used for construction work.

Reasons for monitoring

To monitor the extent of disturbed land as a result of construction work and to verify plans at the preparation stage.

Objective

To gain knowledge of and to minimise land disturbance associated with work during the construction phase.

Frequency

Origin of instructions

Landsvirkjun’s Environmental Management System.

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Búrfellslundur Wind Farm EIA report

The Búrfellslundur Wind Farm EIA report can be accessed here.
Further discussion on monitoring is in chapter 8.3

EIA report

186 MB PDF