Number of visible wind turbines
The shaded area on the map shows the number of visible wind turbines within the area. You can click on the map to travel between rest areas.
Travel routes (pathways, bicycle trails and riding trails) to the west and north of Búrfell are partly within an area where high voltage transmission lines for a power station in the area already exist. However, travel routes to the east of Búrfell mostly fall outside of this belt of structures. Thus, the results indicate that the visual impact on travel routes within a 5 km distance from the wind farm, for all proposals, will be extensive and have a significantly negative impact. This includes travel routes into Áfangagil and towards the Hekla and Dómadalsleið areas. The wind farm rapidly disappears from sight on the route to Dómadalsleið but remains obvious up to the roots of the Hekla Volcano. The wind farm will be less visible from other routes.
Regardless of the selected proposal, the wind farm´s visual impacts will be felt significantly from Áfangagil, Hólaskóg and Stöng, among additional rest areas in the proximity. However, other rest areas will not feel visual impacts to the extent of the aforementioned location and have been given a lower visibility rating. A number of locations within a 20 km radius, including the Hallarmúli cabin, Helgaskáli cabin and the area by the Landmannahellir caves, are outside the area where the wind farm will be visible.
Mitigation measures and monitoring
Wind turbines are, by nature, large structures with few mitigation measures available to limit visual impact. Although the efficiency of energy generation is typically held with highest importance when deciding on a turbine arrangement, different options for the layout of a wind farm can offer visual balance. A visual balance is best achieved when the turbines are arranged in a simple manner. Smaller numbers of wind turbines are generally arranged in a straight line, whereas wind farms with a larger number of turbines are often arranged with a grid that specifies the minimum distance allowed between turbines. The grid ensures that no wind turbine affects the energy generation of another. Additionally, wind turbines can be arranged in accordance with contour lines, ecosystems, visual impacts and other factors. The layout of the Búrfell Wind Farm is based on the discussed guidelines, and the turbines will come in a sky grey colour with surface gloss levels kept to a minimum. These decisions on wind farm aesthetics help in harmonising the wind turbines with the landscape and skyline, whatever the time of year.
Other mitigation measures include specific requirements, which have been outlined by Landsvirkjun, for contractors and other construction employees working on behalf of the Company. These include any environmental matters connected to this work. The requirements detail guidelines for onsite behaviour and the execution of completing work during and after the construction period.
Proposal 1 and 3 offer the option to relocate the Landvegur Road (26) to an area to the south of the wind farm. This would prevent the road leading to the Hekla Volcano from experiencing the visual impacts of the wind farm.