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There are no protected archaeological remains in the Búrfell Wind Farm area. The Archaeological Office assessed a number of sources including certain archaeological records and place names registers. The entire area was assessed during a site investigation. The area had been previously investigated in connection with road construction in the area but no archaeological remains were discovered.

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Registration of archaeological remains 

A total of 8 archaeological remains were registered during a site investigation, and five of these are believed to date back further than 1900. These are defined as archaeological remains

All archaeological remains are protected under the provisions of Act No. 80/2012 on cultural relics.

There are no protected archaeological remains in the Búrfell Wind Farm area. Eight archaeological remains were discovered and registered during a site investigation. One of these is on the boundary of the proposed construction area, but the others are located just outside of the proposed construction area.

Three of the cairns discovered (numbers 65, 66 and 67) within the area are believed to be from the 20th century, but they are probably less than 100 years old. They are not defined as archaeological remains according to the law. Therefore, the cairns have a low relic and protection value.

Other relics are believed to date back to 1900 and are therefore defined as archaeological remains. The cairn (No.71) by ferry place (No. 68) was probably originally used to mark the ferry place and is therefore likely to be of a similar age. Farmers transported money from this spot and over the Tungnaá River. A cableway for ferries was built across the river in 1964. The exact location of the ford (No. 70) is unclear as the area was disturbed by the construction of a barrier.

Place names such as Hólaskógur Forest and Árskógar Forest indicate that the area was covered in forestland before the great volcanic eruption at the Hekla Volcano in 1104. The eruption drowned the area in pumice. The area was probably used for charcoal, and charcoal pits probably disappeared underneath the pumice.

These charcoal pits are probably located further south and east of the exploration area. They would have been located in lowland areas between hills and it would therefore be difficult to find traces of them today. However, the charcoal pits could have been located in lowland areas within the exploration area, and this should be considered during excavation work for the foundation of particular wind turbines. This type of charcoal pit would have been approx. 1 - 2 m in diameter and would have been comprised of dense charcoal particles.

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Overview map

Archaeological remains discovered during archaeological survey

Rest areas
Archaeological remains
Power stations

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Impact on archaeological remains 

Cairn No. 65 and No. 67 are located outside the area but cairn No. 66 is on the boundary of the area outlined in proposal 1. The three cairns have a very low relic and protection value.

Archaeological remains No. 68 - 71 are located in the northern boundary of proposal 2 but do not cross the boundary. The relics have a protection value due to their age and are protected according to the law.

All archaeological remains are located outside the area outlined in proposal 3.

The impact on archaeological remains is therefore considered to be insignificant in all three proposals.

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Mitigation measures

Disturbance to archaeological remains will be avoided regardless of which proposal is chosen. Therefore, no specific mitigation measures are needed to protect archaeological remains.

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Búrfellslundur Wind Farm EIA report

The Búrfellslundur Wind Farm EIA report can be accessed here.
Further discussion on archaeological remains is in chapter 7.8

EIA report

186 MB PDF

Archaeological remains

2,5 MB PDF